Small changes in the sequence of human chromosomes can have detrimental effects in the person’s health and development. The often affect multiple genes but are too small to be visible with traditional karyotyping methods. These changes seem to appear near regions of low complexity (repetitive sequence regions) with some consistency as novel mutations.
The following table shows a list of known syndromes and their genomic locations in hg19 (GRCh37) coordinates. It was compiled by A.Weise et al. in “Microdeletion and Microduplication Syndromes”, Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry (2012).
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